Kester Black is Australian-made and owned by Kiwi girl Anna Ross. Made with sustainable production methods including the use of recyclable materials and small-batch manufacturing to minimise wastage. Kester Black products contain only the highest quality ingredients and all have Choose Cruelty-Free and Vegan Society accreditation. High shine, chip-resistant nail polish follows the 10-Free formula; free from toluene, DBP, camphor, formaldehyde, formaldehyde resin, xylene, parabens, fragrances, phthalates, or any ingredient derived from animals. Kester Black has also never used ingredients ethyl tosylamide or triphenyl phosphate.